Berlin, capital and chief urban centre of Germany with a steadily growing population of approximately 3.7 million. Around one-third of the city’s area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is hosting many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. With the world’s oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living.
More than 170 museums, including those on the famous museum island, put the treasures of the world on public display. Culturally minded visitors from all corners of the globe come to Berlin to see performances by leading orchestras – such as the internationally celebrated Berlin Philharmonic – and to attend ballets and operas at the three major opera houses. A multitude of theatres specialising in plays, variety, revue and cabaret offer stage entertainment in all its forms.
The Fernsehturm (TV tower) at Alexanderplatz in Mitte is among the tallest structures in the European Union at 368 m (1,207 ft). Built in 1969, it is visible throughout most of the central districts of Berlin. The city can be viewed from its 204 m (669 ft) high observation floor.
The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany; it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace.
Berlin’s Botanischer Garten includes the Botanic Museum Berlin. With an area of 43 hectares (110 acres) and around 22,000 different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world.
The area around HackescherMarkt is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries. This includes the HackescheHöfe, a conglomeration of buildings around several courtyards, reconstructed around 1996.
Twenty one restaurants in Berlin have been included in the Michelin Guide of 2018, which ranks the city at the top for the number of restaurants having this distinction in Germany.
Berlin’s nightlife has been celebrated as one of the most diverse and vibrant of its kind.Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend. The Berghain features the well-known Panorama Bar, a bar that opens its shades at daybreak, allowing party-goers a panorama view of Berlin after dancing through the night. The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the Neo-Burlesque scene.